What is abdominal guarding?

What does guarding feel like?

Guarding involves voluntarily flexing your abdominal muscles, making your abdomen feel firm to the tough. Rigidity is abdominal firmness that’s not related to flexing muscles. Your doctor can tell the difference by gently touching your abdomen and seeing if firmness decreases when you relax. Percussion tenderness test.

What does abdominal guarding indicate?

Abdominal guarding is detected when the abdomen is pressed and is an indication that inflammation of the inner abdominal (peritoneal) surface may be present due, for example, to appendicitis or diverticulitis.

How do you know if you have a guarding stomach?

Look for signs of localised guarding (the reflex tensing of the abdominal muscles over the painful area which represents peritonism) and rebound tenderness (initial pressure does not cause pain but when the examining hand is released, pain is felt). Rebound tenderness suggests peritoneal irritation.

What does abdominal guarding look like?

Guarding of the abdomen

With involuntary guarding, the muscles often remain in spasm throughout the respiratory cycle. It is similar to rigidity except that it is associated with palpation, while rigidity is not.

Is abdominal guarding normal?

Guarding is an involuntary response of the muscles. Guarding is a sign that your body is trying to protect itself from pain. It can be a symptom of a very serious and even life-threatening medical condition. If you have abdominal rigidity, you should see your doctor right away.

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What causes guarding?

Guarding is a characteristic finding in the physical examination for an abruptly painful abdomen (an acute abdomen) with inflammation of the inner abdominal (peritoneal) surface due, for example, to appendicitis or diverticulitis.

What is the medical definition of guarding?

Medical Definition of guarding

: involuntary reaction to protect an area of pain (as by spasm of muscle on palpation of the abdomen over a painful lesion)

Is abdominal guarding involuntary?

Spasm or rigidity is the involuntary tightening of the abdominal musculature that occurs in response to underlying inflammation. Guarding, in contrast, is a voluntary contraction of the abdominal wall musculature to avoid pain.

Why is my lower belly so hard?

When your stomach swells and feels hard, the explanation might be as simple as overeating or drinking carbonated drinks, which is easy to remedy. Other causes may be more serious, such as an inflammatory bowel disease. Sometimes the accumulated gas from drinking a soda too quickly can result in a hard stomach.

Why does it feel like I have a band around my stomach?

It may feel as if the abdominal muscles are contracting and creating pressure in the stomach. The feeling can come from the abdominal muscles, the stomach wall lining, or the organs surrounding the stomach. The tight sensation is often a temporary discomfort caused by diet or hormones.

Should abdomen be firm or soft?

Normal: Abdomen is soft, rectus muscle is relaxed and no discomfort is elicited during palpation.