What does equal protection mean in history?
By The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica | View Edit History. Equal protection, in United States law, the constitutional guarantee that no person or group will be denied the protection under the law that is enjoyed by similar persons or groups. In other words, persons similarly situated must be similarly treated.
What is equal protection example?
For example, a state may not prohibit inter-racial marriages, or deny child custody to a couple because they are of different races. Also, as mentioned above, any laws requiring segregation of the races will be held unconstitutional.
What is Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment?
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What is meant by equal protection?
Equal Protection refers to the idea that a governmental body may not deny people equal protection of its governing laws. The governing body state must treat an individual in the same manner as others in similar conditions and circumstances.
Is ex post facto legal?
Ex post facto laws are expressly forbidden by the United States Constitution in Article 1, Section 9, Clause 3 (with respect to federal laws) and Article 1, Section 10 (with respect to state laws). … In a nation with an entrenched bill of rights or a written constitution, ex post facto legislation may be prohibited.
Why is equal protection important?
Equal protection ranks among America’s most important constitutional rights. It protects Americans from being treated unequally by the government absent justification for such treatment. In many areas—such as race or national origin—the Constitution creates an extremely high bar for such justification.
What is equal protection in education?
While education may not be a “fundamental right” under the Constitution, the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment requires that when a state establishes a public school system (as in Texas), no child living in that state may be denied equal access to schooling.
What is the equal protection clause in simple terms?
Legal Definition of equal protection clause
: the clause in the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that prohibits any state from denying to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
What does equal protection under the law mean quizlet?
Equal Protection Clause. enforces the idea that the laws of a state, or of the nation, must treat any given individual in the same way as it would treat other individuals who are in similar conditions and circumstance. You just studied 19 terms!
What does equal protection under the law mean Brainly?
Equal protection under the law means the state will not discriminate against its citizen and will provide the same rights, privileges and protection. It is included in the 14th amendment of the United States. …